New paper on Sensors Journal

NavSAS researchers published a new paper on the Sensors Journal in the Special Issue “UAV Sensors for Environmental Monitoring”:

Troglia Gamba, M.; Marucco, G.; Pini, M.; Ugazio, S.; Falletti, E.; Lo Presti, L. Prototyping a GNSS-Based Passive Radar for UAVs: An Instrument to Classify the Water Content Feature of Lands. Sensors 2015, 15, 28287-28313.

Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220; CODEN: SENSC9) is the leading international, peer-reviewed, open access journal on the science and technology of sensors and biosensors, with 2.245 impact factor. Sensors is published monthly online by MDPI. The paper is available at this link for download.

 

Abstract

Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) broadcast signals for positioning and navigation, which can be also employed for remote sensing applications. Indeed, the satellites of any GNSS can be seen as synchronized sources of electromagnetic radiation, and specific processing of the signals reflected back from the ground can be used to estimate the geophysical properties of the Earth’s surface. Several experiments have successfully demonstrated GNSS-reflectometry (GNSS-R), whereas new applications are continuously emerging and are presently under development, either from static or dynamic platforms. GNSS-R can be implemented at a low cost, primarily if small devices are mounted on-board unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), which today can be equipped with several types of sensors for environmental monitoring. So far, many instruments for GNSS-R have followed the GNSS bistatic radar architecture and consisted of custom GNSS receivers, often requiring a personal computer and bulky systems to store large amounts of data. This paper presents the development of a GNSS-based sensor for UAVs and small manned aircraft, used to classify lands according to their soil water content. The paper provides details on the design of the major hardware and software components, as well as the description of the results obtained through field tests.

Keywords: UAV; GNSS-reflectometry; GNSS bistatic radar; prototyping